Sensors

Sensors
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IR - Infrared Receiver (TSOP38238) (2B3 TSOP 38238 infrared receiver)

Description:

IR (Infrared) sensor tuned to 38KHz, perfect for receiving commands  from a TV remote control. Runs at 3V to 5V so it's great for use on the  Raspberry Pi!

To use, connect pin 3 (all the way to the right) to  5V power, pin 2 (middle) to ground and listen on pin 1. It doesn't do  any decoding of the signal, just passes the 'raw data' along.

Specifications:

  • Carrier Frequency: 38kHz
  • Transmission Range: 45m
  • Directivity: 45°
  • Supply Voltage Min: 2.5V
  • Supply Voltage Max: 5.5V
  • Supply Current: 350µA
  • Opto Case Style: Through Hole
  • Operating Temperature Min: -25°C
  • Operating Temperature Max: 85°C
  • Packaging: Each
  • Operating Temperature Range: -25°C to +85°C
  • SVHC: No SVHC (16-Dec-2013)
  • Supply Voltage Range: 2.5V to 5.5V
  • Manufacturer: VISHAY MINICAST AGC2

Contents:

  • 1x Infrared Receiver

Resources:


R19.17  Inc VAT
Mini Joystick Module (Mini Joystick Module 4B2)
Description:

This is PSgame joystick module.
Lots of control projects need joysticks. This module provides an affordable solution to that. Simply connect to two analog inputs, the robot is at your commands with X,Y control. It also has a switch that is connected to a digital pin. This joystick module can be easily connect to a micro controller via normal GPIO with jumper cables.
No soldering required, Reusable for prototyping or design applications of electronic circuits, modify or revise the circuits easily.
Accept resistors,transistors, diodes, LEDS, capacitors and other types of electronic components.
An invaluable tool for experimenting with circuit designs.
Directional movements are simply two potentiometers - one for each axis
Compatible with Arduino interface
Brand: KEYES
Model: KY-023

Specifications:

Three axis (X,Y,Z and button)
Size:37x25x32mm
Weight: 15 g
Tie-point 700
ABS plastic material
Completely reusable
Phosphor bronze nickel plated spring clips
Accepts a variety of wire sizes(29-20 AWG)

Package includes:

1 x PS2 joystick module

Getting started
R24.90  Inc VAT
PIR Infrared Motion Sensor (HC-SR501) (2B3 pir sensor big)

Description:

PIR sensors, often referred to as, "Passive Infrared" or "IR motion"  sensors, enable you to sense motion. Everything emits a small amount of  infrared radiation (IR), and the hotter something is, the more radiation  it emits. PIR sensors are able to detect a change in average IR levels  of their detection zone (e.g. when a human enters a room, that room will  increase in temperature slightly) and hence sense motion. 

This  one's great, as it can be powered  via the Raspberry Pi's 5V output, and  be read directly from the Raspberry Pi's GPIO input (as the sensor has a  digital 3.3V output!)

This PIR includes an adjustable delay  before firing (approx 0.5 - 200 seconds), has adjustable sensitivity and  two M2 mounting holes! It runs on 4.5V-20V power (or 3V by bypassing  the regulator with a bit of soldering) and has a digital signal output   (3.3V) high, 0V low. Its sensing range is up to 7 meters in a 100  degree cone.

Specifications:

  • Input Voltage: 4.5V - 20V
  • Current Draw: <50µA
  • Digital Output: 3.3V (High)
  • Digital Output: 0V (Low)
  • Working Temperature: -15°C to 70°C
  • Delay Time: 0.5 - 200 Seconds
  • Sensing Angle: 100° Cone
  • Range 5m - 7m

 

Dimensions:

  • Sensor Lens Diameter: 23mm
  • Length: 24.03mm
  • Width: 32.34mm
  • Height (with lens): 24.66mm
  • Centre screw hole distance: 28mm
  • Screw hole diameter: 2mm (M2)

Contents:

  • 1x HC-SR501 Motion Sensor

Resources:

R32.90  Inc VAT
HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor Distance Measuring Module (2b3 sensor ultrasonic blue)
- Model: HC-SR04
- Color: Blue + Silver
- Working voltage : 5V(DC)
- Static current: Less than 2mA.
- Output signal: Electric frequency signal, high level 5V, low level 0V.
- Sensor angle: Not more than 15 degrees.
- Detection distance: 2cm~450cm.
- High precision: Up to 3mm
- Mode of connection: VCC / trig(T) / echo(R) / GND
- Module Working Principle:
- Adopt IO trigger through supplying at least 10us sequence of high level signal
- The module automatically send eight 40khz square wave and automatically detect whether it receive the returning pulse signal

A good tutorial available at ModMyPi.
http://www.modmypi.com/blog/hc-sr04-ultrasonic-range-sensor-on-the-raspberry-pi
Read the Docs
R24.90  Inc VAT
Soil Hygrometer Humidity Detection Moisture Sensor (2B4 moisture probe hygrometer)

This is a summary of the soil moisture sensor that can be used to detect moisture, when the soil is dry, the module outputs a high level. Use this sensor to build an automatic watering system.


Operating voltage: 3.3V~5V.
Adjustable sensitivity (blue digital potentiometer adjustment)
Dual output mode,analog output more accurate.
A fixed bolt hole for easy installation.
Power indicator (red) and digital switching output indicator (green).
LM393 comparator chip, stable.
PCB Dimension: 3cm x 1.5cm.
Soil Probe Dimension: 6cm x 2cm.
Cable Length: 21cm.

VCC: 3.3V-5V.
GND: GND.
DO: digital output interface (0 and 1).
AO: analog output interface.

Setup with Raspberry Pi

Package Includes:

1 x Soil moisture detector module
1 x Probe
5 x Jumper Cables

R19.90  Inc VAT
5518 Pack of 2 Photoresistors 5K to10K Ohm Light Dependent Resistor (C8 LDR 2xphoto resistors 5-10k)

Features:

Photosensitive resistance is the resistance of a semiconductor material, the conductivity change when light intensity varies.

Photoresistors are widely used in toys, lamps, cameras and other industries.

Specifications:

Model: GL5516
Maximum voltage: 150V, DC
Maximum wattage: 90mW
Operating temperature:  -30°C ~ 70°C
Spectral peak: 540nm
Bright resistance (10Lux) (KΩ): 5 - 10
Dark resistance: 0.5 MΩ
100λ10: 0.5
Response time: 20ms (Rise), 30ms (Down)
Resistance illumination: 2

Package includes:

2 x Photoresistors -  GL5516

Read the Docs

R5.90  Inc VAT
DHT11 Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor Module (2B3 DHT11 temp/humid)

Product information
This module can detect humidity and temperature of the surrounding environment. Outputs a digital signal. Has a mounting hole for easy installation. Includes 3 DuPont wires to interface to microcontroller.

Specifications
Humidity measurement range: 20%~90% RH
Humidity measurement error: ±5% RH
Temperature measurement range: 0~60 Cƒ
Working voltage: 5V
Size: 28 x 12 x 8mm

Package includes
1 x DHT11 Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor Module

How to setup a DHT11 with your Raspberry Pi

R39.90  Inc VAT
8-Channel 3.3V to 5V Voltage Converter Module for Raspberry Pi - Blue (2B4 8ch blue convert sensor)
Raspberry Pi and jumper cables are not included.

Highlights:

- Mutual conversion between 3V and 5V, It's convenient for PI connected to external 5V sensors or modules

- Supports total of 8 channels

- Range of voltage converted: 1.8V~6VDC

How to Use:
In the case of translating between 3.3V and 5V system:
VCCA connects to 3.3V power supply
VCCB connects to 5V power supply
GND connects to power negative pole respectively, the two power supply should be common-grounded with each other
When Ax has 3.3V input, Bx will get 5V output
When Bx has 5V input, Ax will get 3.3V output
NO direction control required
R39.90  Inc VAT
37-in-1 Sensor Module Kit (C22 37-in-1 sensor kit)

Use this kit as inputs for sensing and outputs for reporting in your projects.

We found a nice tutorial that covers most of the sensors here

Packing List

1 x XY JoyStick
1 x Relay
1 x Big Sound
1 x Small Microphone
1 x Tracking
1 x Avoid
1 x Flame
1 x Linear Hall
1 x Touch
1 x Digital Temperature
1 x Buzzer
1 x Passive Buzzer
1 x RGB LED
1 x SMD RGB
1 x 2-Color LED
1 x 2-Color
1 x Reed Switch
1 x Mini Reed
1 x Heartbeat
1 x 7 Color Flash
1 x Laser
1 x Button
1 x Shock
1 x Rotary Encoders
2 x Magic Cup
1 x Tilt Switch
1 x Ball Switch
1 x Photo resistor
1 x Temp and Humidity
1 x Analog Hall
1 x Hall Magnetic
1 x TEMP
1 x Analog Temp
1 x IR Emission
1 x IR Receiver
1 x Tap module
1 x Light Blocking

We found this article explaining what the sensors are used for: http://www.instructables.com/id/Arduino-37-in-1-Sensors-Kit-Explained/?ALLSTEPS
Use this kit as inputs for sensing and outputs for reporting in your projects.
R299.90  Inc VAT
AM2302 DHT22 Temperature And Humidity Sensor Module (2B3 DHT22 temp/humid)

Features:

AM2302 Humicap digital temperature and humidity module is a digital output signal containing a calibrated temperature and humidity combined sensor. It uses dedicated digital module capture technology and temperature and humidity sensor technology to ensure that products has high reliability and excellent long-term stability. Sensor includes a capacitive humidity sensing element and a high-precision temperature measurement device, and with a high-performance 8-bit microcontroller connected. Therefore, the product has excellent quality, fast response, anti-interference ability, low cost and other advantages. Ultra-small size, low power consumption, signal transmission distance up to 20 meters. Making it the best choice for all kinds of applications and even the most demanding applications.

Applications:

HVAC (Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning), dehumidifiers, testing and inspection equipment, consumer goods, automotive, automation, data loggers, home appliances, humidity regulator, medical,weather stations, and other related humidity detection control.

Specification:

Dimensions: 40 x 23mm
Weight: 4g
Voltage: 5V
Port: digital two-way single bus
Temperature range: -40 to 80 °C ± 0.5 °C
Humidity: 20 to 90% RH ± 2% RH
Platform: Arduino, SBC

Package includes:

1 x Sensor Module


How to setup a DHT22 with your Raspberry Pi

R89.90  Inc VAT
BMP180 Digital Barometric Pressure Sensor Board Module (2B3 Barometric sensor)

Product information
This digital barometer has some interesting applications. By measuring the absolute pressure of the environment and converting this into altitude. you will have a reliable sensor for determining the height of your robot, plane or projectile. This sensor is capable of achieving an accuracy of 1m, with noise of only 17cm in ultra-high resolution. The device will operate at only 0.3uA meaning low current draw for battery powered applications.

Specifications
1.8V to 3.6V Supply Voltage
Low power consumption - 0.5uA at 1Hz
I2C interface
Max I2C Speed: 3.5 MHz
Very low noise - up to 0.02hPa (17cm)
Fully calibrated
Pressure Range: 300hPa to 1100hPa (+9000m to -500m)
Weight: 1.18g
Size: 21mm x 18mm

Package includes
1 x BMP180 Digital Barometric Pressure Sensor Board Module
1 x Male to Male 4 pin header

Using the BMP180 with Raspberry Pi

R49.90  Inc VAT
Sound Detection Sensor LM393 Chip (2B3 sensor sound detection)

Can be used for Acoustic control light; give sound and light alarm working with Photosensitive sensor
Note:The Maximum induction distance is 0.5M

Features
 
  • Main Chip: LM393, Electret condenser microphone
  • Working Voltage: DC 4-6V
  • Signal output indication
  • Single channel signal output
  • The output effective signal is low level
  • When there is sound,output low level and the signal lights
Find help with this sensor at https://www.instructables.com/id/Sound-Sensor-Raspberry-Pi/
R19.90  Inc VAT
Liquid Water level sensor Side Mounted Float Switch (2A2 liquid level side mounted)

The liquid level switch detects the rising level of liquid in a sump or tank. It can be connected to a micro controller. It can then be used to start/stop a pump which then pumps liquid in/out until the level of the liquid has been restored to the point where the pump is switched off again. The switch may be used in a pump station, a sensor, a tank alarm, or other devices.

 

Specification:

Contact Rating: 10W

Switching Voltage: 220V

Switching Current: 0.5A

Breakdown Voltage: 220VDC

Carry Current: 1.0A

Contact Resistance: 100mohm


Resources:

Python library
Introduction to Buttons and Switches
Types of buttons and switches

 

R34.90  Inc VAT
Hall Water Flow Sensor Flowmeter Water Control 2MPa (2A2 flow sensor)
Description:

This product is mainly used for water metering
High amplitude ≥ 4.6V
Low amplitude ≤ 0.5V
Electric strength 1250V/min
Insulation resistance ≥ 100MΩ
Hydrostatic pressure testing ≤ 2.0Mpa

Specification:

The lowest rated working voltage: DC4.5 5V-24V
Maximum operating current: 15 mA (DC 5V)
Working voltage range: DC 5~18 v
Load capacity: ≤ 10 mA (DC 5V)
Use temperature: ≤ 80°C
Operating humidity range: 35%~90%RH (no frost)
Allowing pressure: pressure 2.0Mpa
Temperature: -25~+80 °C
External threads: 1/2"
Outer diameter: 20mm
Intake diameter: 9mm
Outlet diameter: 12mm

Application:

Water heaters, water vending machines, flow measurement

Package included:

1x Water flow sensor

Flow sensor Wiki
An instructable on how to use the Flow Sensor with Arduino
Adafruit experiment connecting the Flow Sensor to a Raspberry Pi
R74.90  Inc VAT
PP Liquid Water Level Sensor Vertical Float Switch Down White (2A2 straight float level)

A compact vertically mounted float switch which can be mounted at either the top or bottom of a tank (by the supplied 'O' ring and nut) to either rise or fall for activation (internal magnet) of a sealed reed relay.
The sensor is supplied pre-wired with flying output leads.
Float switch is a used to sense the level of liquid within a tank, used to activate a pump, an indicator, an alarm or other device.

Description :

Use them with hydroponics, saltwater tanks, freshwater tanks, gardening, aquariums for power head control, pet bowls, fish tanks, filtration, heating, or what ever your project may be
Contains no mercury
Down float switch

Specifications :

Maximum Load: 50 W
Max Switching Voltage: 100V DC
Minimum Voltage: 250V DC
Maximum Switching Current: 0.5 A
Max Load Current: 1.0 A
Max Contact Resistance: 0.4 Ω
Temp Rating: -20~+80℃
Net Weight: 12g
Material: PP



Package includes :

1 x Liquid Float Switch


Resources:

Python library
Introduction to Buttons and Switches
Types of buttons and switches

R28.90  Inc VAT
MS Weather Station Wind Direction Sensor (1B6 MS wind vane)
MS wind vane as used in the Raspberry Pi foundation weather station project to measure wind direction.
Hack this component to form part of your weather station.

View the project details here

And some more help here

Article specific to the wind vane only
R399.90  Inc VAT
MS Weather Station Rain Gauge (1B6 MS Rain Gauge)
MS rain gauge as used in the Raspberry Pi foundation weather station project to measure rainfall.
Hack this component to form part of your weather station.

View the project details here

And some more help here

Article specific to the rain gauge only
R259.90  Inc VAT
DC 5V Waterproof Ultrasonic Module Distance Measuring Transducer Sensor (2B3 waterproof ultrasonic)
Specifications:

Operating voltage: DC 5V
Total current work: 40mA
Acoustic emission frequency: 40khz
Maximumdistance: 4.5m
Blind: 25cm

Wiring:
+ 5V (positive power supply)
Trig (control side) RX
Echo (the receiver) TX
GND (negative)

Resolution: about 0.5cm
Angle: 70 degrees
Working temperature: -10 ~ 70 ℃
Storage temperature: -20 ~ 80 ℃

Product Features:

- small size, easy to use;
- low voltage, low power consumption;
- high accuracy;
- strong anti-jamming;
- integrated with wire enclosed waterproof probe, suitable for wet, harsh measuring conditions.

Application:

1 Horizontal distance;
2 obstacle avoidance, automatic control;
3 traffic control;
4 security, industrial control;
5 artificial intelligence, and research

Basic working principle:
(1) using IO port TRIG trigger location, to the high level signal of at least 10us;
(2) module automatically sends 8 40KHz pulse, automatic detecting whether a signal returns;
(3) on signal return, a high level is output through the IO port ECHO, the time duration of the high level is ultrasonic from launch to return. The test distance = (high level time * speed of sound (340M/S)) /2;

Usage

Package Includes:

1 x DC 5V Waterproof Ultrasonic Module Distance Measuring Transducer Sensor
R229.90  Inc VAT
5V Infrared Line Tracking Sensor Module (2B3 line track sensor)
Features:

Size: 3.5 x 1cm
Power supply: 5V DC
Detector distance: 10mm
Build-in Tcrt5000 Sensor NSOR
Applicable to a variety of platforms including Arduino / AVR / ARM /PIC

Package includes:

1 x Tracking Sensor Module

Build A Line-following robot
R29.26  Inc VAT
SparkFun Logic Level Converter Bi-Directional (3A4 Sparkfun logic level converter )

If you’ve ever tried to connect a 3.3V device to a 5V system, you know what a challenge it can be. The SparkFun bi-directional logic level converter is a small device that safely steps down 5V signals to 3.3V AND steps up 3.3V to 5V at the same time.

This level converter also works with 2.8V and 1.8V devices. What really separates this Logic level converter from our previous versions is that you can successfully set your high and low voltages and step up and down between them safely on the same channel. Each level converter has the capability of converting 4 pins on the high side to 4 pins on the low side with two inputs and two outputs provided for each side.

The level converter is very easy to use. The board needs to be powered from the two voltages sources (high voltage and low voltage) that your system is using. High voltage (5V for example) to the ‘HV’ pin, low voltage (3.3V for example) to ‘LV’, and ground from the system to the ‘GND’ pin.

Dimensions: 0.63 x 0.52" (16.05 x 13.33mm)

Documents:

R57.90  Inc VAT
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