Sensors

Sensors
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Use this kit as inputs for sensing and outputs for reporting in your projects.
R299.90  Inc VAT
IR - Infrared Receiver (TSOP38238) (TSOP 38238 infrared receiver)

Description:

IR (Infrared) sensor tuned to 38KHz, perfect for receiving commands  from a TV remote control. Runs at 3V to 5V so it's great for use on the  Raspberry Pi!

To use, connect pin 3 (all the way to the right) to  5V power, pin 2 (middle) to ground and listen on pin 1. It doesn't do  any decoding of the signal, just passes the 'raw data' along.

Specifications:

  • Carrier Frequency: 38kHz
  • Transmission Range: 45m
  • Directivity: 45°
  • Supply Voltage Min: 2.5V
  • Supply Voltage Max: 5.5V
  • Supply Current: 350µA
  • Opto Case Style: Through Hole
  • Operating Temperature Min: -25°C
  • Operating Temperature Max: 85°C
  • Packaging: Each
  • Operating Temperature Range: -25°C to +85°C
  • SVHC: No SVHC (16-Dec-2013)
  • Supply Voltage Range: 2.5V to 5.5V
  • Manufacturer: VISHAY MINICAST AGC2

Contents:

  • 1x Infrared Receiver

Resources:


R19.90  Inc VAT
Waterproof DS18B20 Digital temperature sensor + Resistor 1M (Waterproof DS18B20 temp)

Description:

This is a pre-wired and waterproofed version of the DS18B20 sensor.  Handy for when you need to measure something far away, or in wet  conditions. While the sensor is good up to 125°C the cable is jacketed  in PVC so we suggest keeping it under 100°C. Because they are digital,  you don't get any signal degradation even over long distances! These  1-wire digital temperature sensors are fairly precise (±0.5°C over much  of the range) and can give up to 12 bits of precision from the onboard  digital-to-analog converter. They work great with any microcontroller  using a single digital pin, and you can even connect multiple ones to  the same pin, each one has a unique 64-bit ID burned in at the factory  to differentiate them. Usable with 3.0-5.0V systems.

The only  downside is they use the Dallas 1-Wire protocol, which is somewhat  complex, and requires a bunch of code to parse out the communication. If  you want something really simple, and you have an analog input pin,  the TMP36 is trivial to get going.

We toss in a 4.7k resistor, which is required as a pullup from the DATA to VCC line when using the sensor.

Specifications:

Cable specs:

  • Stainless steel tube 6mm diameter by 30mm long
  • Cable is 36" long / 91cm, 4mm diameter
  • Contains DS18B20 temperature sensor
  • If  your sensor has four wires - Red connects to 3-5V, Black connects to  ground and White is data. The copper wire is soldered to the wire  shielding
  • If your sensor has three wires - Red connects to 3-5V, Blue/Black connects to ground and Yellow/White is data

DS18B20 Technical specs:

  • Usable temperature range: -55 to 125°C (-67°F to +257°F)
  • 9 to 12 bit selectable resolution
  • Uses 1-Wire interface- requires only one digital pin for communication
  • Unique 64 bit ID burned into chip
  • Multiple sensors can share one pin
  • ±0.5°C Accuracy from -10°C to +85°C
  • Temperature-limit alarm system
  • Query time is less than 750ms
  • Usable with 3.0V to 5.5V power/data

Contents:

  • 1 x DS18B20 Digital temperature sensor
  • 1 x 4.7k resistor

Resources:

 

R44.90  Inc VAT
HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor Distance Measuring Module (sensor ultrasonic blue)
- Model: HC-SR04
- Color: Blue + Silver
- Working voltage : 5V(DC)
- Static current: Less than 2mA.
- Output signal: Electric frequency signal, high level 5V, low level 0V.
- Sensor angle: Not more than 15 degrees.
- Detection distance: 2cm~450cm.
- High precision: Up to 3mm
- Mode of connection: VCC / trig(T) / echo(R) / GND
- Module Working Principle:
- Adopt IO trigger through supplying at least 10us sequence of high level signal
- The module automatically send eight 40khz square wave and automatically detect whether it receive the returning pulse signal

A good tutorial available at ModMyPi.
http://www.modmypi.com/blog/hc-sr04-ultrasonic-range-sensor-on-the-raspberry-pi
Read the Docs
R24.90  Inc VAT
Soil Hygrometer Humidity Detection Moisture Sensor (moisture probe hygrometer)

This is a summary of the soil moisture sensor that can be used to detect moisture, when the soil is dry, the module outputs a high level. Use this sensor to build an automatic watering system.


Operating voltage: 3.3V~5V.
Adjustable sensitivity (blue digital potentiometer adjustment)
Dual output mode,analog output more accurate.
A fixed bolt hole for easy installation.
Power indicator (red) and digital switching output indicator (green).
LM393 comparator chip, stable.
PCB Dimension: 3cm x 1.5cm.
Soil Probe Dimension: 6cm x 2cm.
Cable Length: 21cm.

VCC: 3.3V-5V.
GND: GND.
DO: digital output interface (0 and 1).
AO: analog output interface.

Setup with Raspberry Pi

Package Includes:

1 x Soil moisture detector module
1 x Probe
5 x Jumper Cables

R19.90  Inc VAT
DHT11 Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor Module (DHT11 temp/humid)

Product information
This module can detect humidity and temperature of the surrounding environment. Outputs a digital signal. Has a mounting hole for easy installation. Includes 3 DuPont wires to interface to microcontroller.

Specifications
Humidity measurement range: 20%~90% RH
Humidity measurement error: ±5% RH
Temperature measurement range: 0~60 Cƒ
Working voltage: 5V
Size: 28 x 12 x 8mm

Package includes
1 x DHT11 Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor Module

How to setup a DHT11 with your Raspberry Pi

R36.90  Inc VAT
Infrared Obstacle Avoidance Sensor (IR detecter 1 channel)
The sensor module light is adjustable to the environment, the working voltage is 3.3 V to 5 V.
It has a pair of infrared transmitting and receiving LEDs, when detecting obstacles (reflecting surface), receiving LED detects it.

After the comparator circuit processing, a green indicator will light up, at the same time the signal output interface will output a digital signal (a low level signal), can be adjusted to detection distance through the potentiometer, effective distance range 2 ~ 80 cm, easy to assemble and use. It can be widely used in robot obstacle avoidance, line following and so on in many projects.

Getting started
R10.90  Inc VAT
8-Channel 3.3V to 5V Voltage Converter Module for Raspberry Pi - Blue (8ch blue convert sensor)
Raspberry Pi and jumper cables are not included.

Highlights:

- Mutual conversion between 3V and 5V, It's convenient for PI connected to external 5V sensors or modules

- Supports total of 8 channels

- Range of voltage converted: 1.8V~6VDC

How to Use:
In the case of translating between 3.3V and 5V system:
VCCA connects to 3.3V power supply
VCCB connects to 5V power supply
GND connects to power negative pole respectively, the two power supply should be common-grounded with each other
When Ax has 3.3V input, Bx will get 5V output
When Bx has 5V input, Ax will get 3.3V output
NO direction control required
R44.90  Inc VAT
37-in-1 Sensor Module Kit (C1 37-in-1 sensor kit)

Use this kit as inputs for sensing and outputs for reporting in your projects.

We found a nice tutorial that covers most of the sensors here

Packing List

1 x XY JoyStick
1 x Relay
1 x Big Sound
1 x Small Microphone
1 x Tracking
1 x Avoid
1 x Flame
1 x Linear Hall
1 x Touch
1 x Digital Temperature
1 x Buzzer
1 x Passive Buzzer
1 x RGB LED
1 x SMD RGB
1 x 2-Color LED
1 x 2-Color
1 x Reed Switch
1 x Mini Reed
1 x Heartbeat
1 x 7 Color Flash
1 x Laser
1 x Button
1 x Shock
1 x Rotary Encoders
2 x Magic Cup
1 x Tilt Switch
1 x Ball Switch
1 x Photo resistor
1 x Temp and Humidity
1 x Analog Hall
1 x Hall Magnetic
1 x TEMP
1 x Analog Temp
1 x IR Emission
1 x IR Receiver
1 x Tap module
1 x Light Blocking

We found this article explaining what the sensors are used for: http://www.instructables.com/id/Arduino-37-in-1-Sensors-Kit-Explained/?ALLSTEPS
Use this kit as inputs for sensing and outputs for reporting in your projects.
R299.90  Inc VAT
BMP180 Digital Barometric Pressure Sensor Board Module (Barometric sensor)

Product information
This digital barometer has some interesting applications. By measuring the absolute pressure of the environment and converting this into altitude. you will have a reliable sensor for determining the height of your robot, plane or projectile. This sensor is capable of achieving an accuracy of 1m, with noise of only 17cm in ultra-high resolution. The device will operate at only 0.3uA meaning low current draw for battery powered applications.

Specifications
1.8V to 3.6V Supply Voltage
Low power consumption - 0.5uA at 1Hz
I2C interface
Max I2C Speed: 3.5 MHz
Very low noise - up to 0.02hPa (17cm)
Fully calibrated
Pressure Range: 300hPa to 1100hPa (+9000m to -500m)
Weight: 1.18g
Size: 21mm x 18mm

Package includes
1 x BMP180 Digital Barometric Pressure Sensor Board Module
1 x Male to Male 4 pin header

Using the BMP180 with Raspberry Pi

R42.90  Inc VAT
Sound Detection Sensor LM393 Chip (sensor sound detection)

Can be used for Acoustic control light; give sound and light alarm working with Photosensitive sensor
Note:The Maximum induction distance is 0.5M

Features
 
  • Main Chip: LM393, Electret condenser microphone
  • Working Voltage: DC 4-6V
  • Signal output indication
  • Single channel signal output
  • The output effective signal is low level
  • When there is sound,output low level and the signal lights
Find help with this sensor at https://www.instructables.com/id/Sound-Sensor-Raspberry-Pi/
R12.90  Inc VAT
Liquid Water level sensor Side Mounted Float Switch (liquid level side mounted)

The liquid level switch detects the rising level of liquid in a sump or tank. It can be connected to a micro controller. It can then be used to start/stop a pump which then pumps liquid in/out until the level of the liquid has been restored to the point where the pump is switched off again. The switch may be used in a pump station, a sensor, a tank alarm, or other devices.

 

Specification:

Contact Rating: 10W

Switching Voltage: 220V

Switching Current: 0.5A

Breakdown Voltage: 220VDC

Carry Current: 1.0A

Contact Resistance: 100mohm


Resources:

Python library
Introduction to Buttons and Switches
Types of buttons and switches

 

R39.90  Inc VAT
Hall Water Flow Sensor Flowmeter Water Control 2MPa (flow sensor)
Description:

This product is mainly used for water metering
High amplitude ≥ 4.6V
Low amplitude ≤ 0.5V
Electric strength 1250V/min
Insulation resistance ≥ 100MΩ
Hydrostatic pressure testing ≤ 2.0Mpa

Specification:

The lowest rated working voltage: DC4.5 5V-24V
Maximum operating current: 15 mA (DC 5V)
Working voltage range: DC 5~18 v
Load capacity: ≤ 10 mA (DC 5V)
Use temperature: ≤ 80°C
Operating humidity range: 35%~90%RH (no frost)
Allowing pressure: pressure 2.0Mpa
Temperature: -25~+80 °C
External threads: 1/2"
Outer diameter: 20mm
Intake diameter: 9mm
Outlet diameter: 12mm

Application:

Water heaters, water vending machines, flow measurement

Package included:

1x Water flow sensor

Flow sensor Wiki
An instructable on how to use the Flow Sensor with Arduino
Adafruit experiment connecting the Flow Sensor to a Raspberry Pi

https://www.ardumotive.com/water-flow-sensor-en.html

RPi: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8JXd-2_zJQ0

R85.90  Inc VAT
DC 5V Waterproof Ultrasonic Module Distance Measuring Transducer Sensor (waterproof ultrasonic)
Specifications:

Operating voltage: DC 5V
Total current work: 40mA
Acoustic emission frequency: 40khz
Maximumdistance: 4.5m
Blind: 25cm

Wiring:
+ 5V (positive power supply)
Trig (control side) RX
Echo (the receiver) TX
GND (negative)

Resolution: about 0.5cm
Angle: 70 degrees
Working temperature: -10 ~ 70 ℃
Storage temperature: -20 ~ 80 ℃

Product Features:

- small size, easy to use;
- low voltage, low power consumption;
- high accuracy;
- strong anti-jamming;
- integrated with wire enclosed waterproof probe, suitable for wet, harsh measuring conditions.

Application:

1 Horizontal distance;
2 obstacle avoidance, automatic control;
3 traffic control;
4 security, industrial control;
5 artificial intelligence, and research

Basic working principle:
(1) using IO port TRIG trigger location, to the high level signal of at least 10us;
(2) module automatically sends 8 40KHz pulse, automatic detecting whether a signal returns;
(3) on signal return, a high level is output through the IO port ECHO, the time duration of the high level is ultrasonic from launch to return. The test distance = (high level time * speed of sound (340M/S)) /2;

Usage

Package Includes:

1 x DC 5V Waterproof Ultrasonic Module Distance Measuring Transducer Sensor
R189.90  Inc VAT
5V TCRT5000 Infrared Line Tracking Sensor Module (line track sensor)
Features:

Size: 3.5 x 1cm
Power supply: 5V DC
Detector distance: 10mm
Build-in Tcrt5000 Sensor NSOR
Applicable to a variety of platforms including Arduino / AVR / ARM /PIC

Package includes:

1 x Tracking Sensor Module

Build A Line-following robot
R21.90  Inc VAT
Recessed Door Window Contacts Reed Security Alarm Switch (5) (reed switch recessed(5))
No external power supply, connect to wired alarm control panel GND and N.C ports directly!
 
Specifications :

Material Shield: Anti-fire ABS
Connecting Mode: N.C.
Rated Current: 100mA
Rated Voltage: (VDC)100
Operating Distance: More than 15mm, Less than 25mm
Rated Power: 3W



 
Package includes :

5 x KERUI Wired Door Switch
R79.90  Inc VAT
SparkFun Logic Level Converter Bi-Directional (Sparkfun logic level converter )

If you’ve ever tried to connect a 3.3V device to a 5V system, you know what a challenge it can be. The SparkFun bi-directional logic level converter is a small device that safely steps down 5V signals to 3.3V AND steps up 3.3V to 5V at the same time.

This level converter also works with 2.8V and 1.8V devices. What really separates this Logic level converter from our previous versions is that you can successfully set your high and low voltages and step up and down between them safely on the same channel. Each level converter has the capability of converting 4 pins on the high side to 4 pins on the low side with two inputs and two outputs provided for each side.

The level converter is very easy to use. The board needs to be powered from the two voltages sources (high voltage and low voltage) that your system is using. High voltage (5V for example) to the ‘HV’ pin, low voltage (3.3V for example) to ‘LV’, and ground from the system to the ‘GND’ pin.

Dimensions: 0.63 x 0.52" (16.05 x 13.33mm)

Documents:

R59.90  Inc VAT
KY-022 Infrared Sensor Receiver Module (IR receiver board)
Description:

Infrared receiving module adopts 1838 infrared receiving head
Light resistance, strong electromagnetic interference, built-in infrared dedicated IC, can work under 500 lux light intensity
Widely used in remote control toys, satellite receivers, air conditioner, heater, electric fan, lighting and other home appliances.

Specifications:

Dimension: 6.4 x 7.4 x 5.1mm
Receiving angle: 90 °
Working voltage: 2.7 ~ 5.5V
Frequency: 37.9KHz
Receiving range: 18m

Package includes:

1 x Infrared sensor receiver module

Wiki
R34.90  Inc VAT
Tank Float Switch Water Level Controller Sensor (Tank Float switch)
Specifications:

Shape: Square
Contacts: NO+NC
Rated voltage: 250V(380V)
Rated current: 8A(4A)
Working temperature: 0℃<=water temperature<=65℃
Mechanical endurance: ≥100,000times
Electrical endurance:≥50,000times
Cable length: 1.9m / 74"
Environment: pool, water tank/dam
Control level difference > 40cm

Features:

Easy to use, easy to install,
Safe, reliable, maintenance-free, non-toxic and environmentally friendly.

Package includes:

1 x Float Switch Liquid Level Controller Sensor
R469.90  Inc VAT
MQ-3 Alcohol Ethanol Sensor Breath Gas Detection Module (MQ3 alcohol sensor orange)
Description:

The main chip: LM393, MQ-3 gas sensor
Operating voltage: DC3-5V
Response time: ≤10s (70% Response)
Recovery time: ≤30s (70% Response)
Heating resistance: 31Ω±3Ω
Heating Current: ≤180mA
Heating Voltage: 5V±0.2V
Heating Power: ≤900mW
detect Voltage: ≤15V
Ambient Temperature: -10℃ to 65℃,
Humidity: ≤95%RH
Storage conditions: Temperature:-20℃-70℃,Humidity:≤ 70%RH

Features:

Signal output instructions:
Dual signal output (analog output, and TTL level output);
TTL output valid signal is low, can be connected directly to the microcontroller;
0 ~ 5V analog output voltage, the higher the concentration the higher the voltage;
Has a high sensitivity and good selectivity to ethanol vapor;
Has a long life and reliable stability;
Rapid response recovery characteristics;

Applications:

For motor vehicle drivers and other non-drinking and operating personnel on-site testing, also used in other places of ethanol vapor detection, detection of alcohol: detection range of 10 to 1000ppm

Package includes:

1 X Alcohol sensor module

Analog to Digital converter not included
Wiki
R49.90  Inc VAT
MQ-2 Smoke Gas LPG Butane Gas Sensor Detector (MQ2 LPG gas sensor)
Features:

1. Using high-quality dual-panel design, with power indicator and TTL signal output instructions
2. there are four screw holes for easy positioning
3. Analog output voltage with the higher concentration of higher voltage
4. TTL output valid signal is low. (Low-level signal when the output light can be directly connected to the microcontroller or relay module)
5. The switching signal having a DO (TTL) output and analog output AO


Special note:
After the sensor is powered, wait about 20S until measured data becomes stable.
Heat in the sensor is a normal phenomenon due to the internal heating wire.


Specifications:

Size: 32mmX22mmX27mm
Chip: LM393, ZYMQ-2 gas sensors
Working voltage: DC 5V
AO output :0.1-0 .3 V (relative to pollution), the maximum concentration of a voltage of about 4V
DO output: TTL digital 0 and 1 (0.1 and 5V)
Input voltage: DC 5V 150mA


Package Includes:
1 x MQ-2 Gas Sensor Module

Getting started with MQ-x
Analog to Digital converter not included
R39.90  Inc VAT
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